HYPERTENSION CAN INCREASE RISK OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) HOWEVER; ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS ALSO CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE PROBLEM
Hypertension (HTN) is a medical condition that persistently raises blood pressure in the arteries. HTN is an asymptomatic disease; in the early stage people experience a few symptoms like light-heartedness, vertigo, altered vision, etc. It is a silent risk factor for end-organ diseases such as cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases, erectile dysfunction (ED) and so on. ED has a high prevalence in hypertensive people because of the condition, and different clinical types of medications alter the blood flow for penis & endothelial functioning. Different therapeutic classes of antihypertensive drugs are causing ED with different incidence & severity. Diuretics and beta-blockers are having a high incidence, vasodilators and calcium channel blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors having the medium incidence, angiotensin II receptor blockers have a rare incidence to cause ED. This review mainly focuses on 1) Various antihypertensive drugs associated occurrence of ED, 2) Toassess differences between antihypertensive drug categories regarding their effects on erectile function, 3) Does switching from one to another class affect erectile function. Lifestyle is an important part of your blood pressure care. You can prevent, postpone or minimize the need for medication if your blood pressure is successfully managed through a healthy lifestyle.